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The Franco-Breton - Treaty 1532

 

This treaty is primarily a consequence of the military defeat of Saint-Aubin du Cormier where 6,000 Britons died to defend the independence of Brittany.

The contract of marriage to Anne of Brittany and Louis XII predicted that Britain would be the second son or daughter, never at Dauphin. It should not be united with France. The queen left two daughters. The eldest was married to the heir to the throne of France, who became Francis 1 but with a contract similar to that of its mother. She left five children. The king exacted a will bequeathing the Dauphin in Britain to ensure the annexation. But the states of Britain did not recognize the will.

Brittany was always a meeting that took all major decisions: the states. They voted the tax system much more liberal than France, where the people were taxed significantly.

François 1st had to intervene with our states to get them to "seek annexation" in suggesting that if he should attempt to conquer Britain by force. States after having protested against this procedure, were resigned to conclude the Treaty of 1532, under the condition of preserving our freedoms.

The verbal agreement was reached in August, the session state, Vannes, where the King had come.

In the content of the Edict of Union in August 1532 it is noted that it spoke of the privileges of Britain in terms too vague to satisfy the request and commitment in this regard. Consequently, a new edict was issued in Plessix-Mace, castle located 13 km from Angers and belonging to René du Bellay, where King spent the day on September 3. So this date and this text should be retained [Evidence of Dom Morice (III, 1010)]:

Francis, by the grace of God king of France, usufructuary country and Duchy of Brittany, father and legitimate administrator of the estate of our dear and beloved son, the Dauphin, the Duke and Lord and owner of the said Duchy countries, namely to make all these and future that we have been humble supplication of our dear and beloved people of our three states of that country and Duchy of Brittany, for which they have remonstrated that at their last meeting in Vannes, where we were person, having been accepted and agreeable to the request that we had submitted in writing, signed by their Attorney and Clerk, for which we require the union of this country and Duchy with the crown of France, we promised to maintain them in their old privileges and freedoms, and we will issue them letters in the form of charters. In this case, we are pleased to accept and retain their privileges they once enjoyed and duly exercised, they enjoy and still use to this, to wit: that now, as has been done before, no amount of money they can not be imposed where previously it has been applied to states of this country and granted them and that the money from the logs are faithfully employed in fortifications and repairs of cities and strongholds that country, d 'provided that this block was imposed because of the repair, which comes at great expense to the poor people, and that justice is maintained in the accustomed form, to wit: the Parliament, Council and Chancery, Accounts Chamber, Assembly of States, bars and ordinary courts of that country and that the subjects of it are not from outside, either at trial or otherwise, except where emerging call to Paris, following the statements that were previously made on this point. and that with the union that made Duchy of Brittany to the Crown of France, at the request of those States, no harm will be done at the indult of this country that no non-native can not be obtained without the benefit of that country Letters have Prince, and that these letters are issued to people or other foreigners, except those who are round about our person, and, again, we have to confirm all other privileges which they have charters ancient and immemorial enjoyment so far. We wish to reward those pleading, and even benefit for the love and loyalty they have shown us to be ourselves, to our certain knowledge, full power and autaurité, we confirmed and approved, we confirm and join in together such privileges, which as need be, we have given and give back so they enjoy it fully and completely, as once they have duly and fairly worn and enjoyed, and enjoy it and still use now. However we do not mean thereby revoke the orders made by us recently in Vannes, the abbreviated trial on the advice of the main Council of this country. Also we ordain by these presents to our beloved and faithful our Governor and Lieutenant General of that country, people said Parliament, Council, Chancery House Accounts, Seneschals, allocated and all our justices and other officers of that country and Duchy of Brittany, or their lieutenants to publish and record those present, each in his place, and keep them and watch from point to point according to their form and content without any break them, and because we like it done. And so it is always something firm and stable, we have put our seal to cesdites present, except our right things and in all others.

Given the Plessisx-Mace in the month of September, the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred thirty-two of our reign the eighteenth.

As signed by the king, Breton. Laqs and sealed in wax of green silk.

Lecta, and publicata registrata Parlamenti in Curia,

super hoc audito Procurator General Regis sexta die Octobris,

anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo secundo.

Sic signatum: Le Forestier

 

This document contains three paragraphs:

1 - No taxation shall be made in Britain it has been previously applied to the States and granted by them, the money provided by the logs or grants will be used to repair and fortification of towns and fortresses.

2 - Justice will remain "fit and accustomed manner, the courts retained and no one may be compelled to plead out of Britain, except in cases of appeal to the national parliament of Paris.

3 - Profits church, ie the appointments to bishoprics, abbeys and chapters will be awarded by the king of the Britons only.

Since then, France has repeatedly violated its commitments because, legally, this treaty is still valid.

 

 
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